BIOLOGY

BIO101 - General Biology I (4)

This is a survey course of the basic physical and chemical principles essential to an understanding of molecular biology and its applications to the basic concepts of cellular morphology, physiology, cellular behavior, modern genetics, evolution, and ecology. One two-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. This course is intended for non-science majors and may be used to satisfy the general education requirement for scientific awareness. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO102 - General Biology II (4)

The basic concepts of BIO101 are used as background to develop an understanding of the structure and function of mammalian organ systems and their evolutionary development. One two-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. This course is intended for non-science majors and may be used to satisfy the general education requirement for scientific awareness. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO101 or permission of instructor

BIO103 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4)

This course presents the basic patterns and organizational theories of the human body, including topics of interest for students seeking careers in the health sciences, using a systems approach from cellular levels and support systems to control and regulation. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO104 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4)

This course continues the systematic exploration of the human body, including clinical considerations of the endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO103 or permission of instructor

BIO105 - Environmental Biology (4)

This is an introductory course that emphasizes the biological aspects of environmental science. It is usually taken by non-science majors to meet the general education requirement for scientific awareness, or by students who would like to consider the biology major and are interested in an ecology/environmental science focus. The course examines how ecosystems function, and covers the issues of natural resource management, population dynamics, and pollution control throughout the world. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO107 - Human Biology (4)

This course presents human biology and current biological concerns, including biological organization, investigation of selected organ systems, diseases, and current issues of human health and function. This course is intended for non-science majors and may be used to satisfy the general education requirement for scientific awareness. One two-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO109 - Animal Diversity in Massachusetts (4)

This course covers the animals of Massachusetts with a focus on the mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians, as well as some freshwater fishes. The species found in western Massachusetts are emphasized. Diversity, conservation, and human interactions with these animals are investigated. PREREQUISITES: None

BIO110 - Biology of AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (3)

This course studies the life cycle of HIV Retrovirus, its transmission, immunological consequences, clinical effects, control, and epidemic potential. The biology of other sexually transmitted diseases such as Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Genital Herpes, Candidiasis, and their consequences will be explored. This course does not satisfy the general education requirement for scientific awareness. PREREQUISITE(S): None.

BIO112 - Introduction Biology I (3)

This course provides an introduction to the principles of biological science. Topics covered will include the process of scientific inquiry, cell chemistry, cell structure and function, genetics and inheritance. The relevance of biology to everyday life will be emphasized. This course is intended for non-science majors, and does not satisfy the general education laboratory science requirement for scientific awareness. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO113 - Introduction Biology II (3)

This course continues an investigation into the principles of biological science. Topics covered include animal organization and diversity, microbial and plant biology, ecology, and the relationship of organisms to the environment. The relevance of biology to everyday life will be emphasized. This course is intended for non-science majors, and does not satisfy the general education laboratory science requirement for scientific awareness. PREREQUISITE(S): None, BIO112 recommended

BIO201 - Biology I (4)

This course is intended for students majoring in biology. It is an introduction to living organisms through the topics of molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, and genetics. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: None

BIO202 - Biology II (4)

This course is intended for students majoring in biology. It is an introduction to living organisms through the topics of taxonomy, evolution, the diversity of life, and physiology. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: None

BIO209 - Pathophysiology (3)

A study of concepts and information about disease as it occurs in the individual, this course involves the study of pathologies pervading all systems, and those unique to specific organ systems. PREREQUISITES: BIO103, BIO104, and BIO213 or BIO305, CHE111 or CHE211, and CHE212

BIO213 - Principles of Microbiology (4)

This course introduces the student to the biology of microorganisms and viruses. The course is geared toward students in the health science fields and covers human pathogens and their control and the immune response. Laboratory exercises cover microbial diversity and techniques used to identify bacteria. One 3 1/2-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): None

BIO221 - Microbiology ELMS (3)

Description pending.

BIO302 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)

A comparative study of the classes of vertebrates, this course emphasizes the evolution of morphological characteristics. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO201 and BIO202

BIO304 - Botany (4)

This is an introductory course in botany and includes study of algal, fungal, and plant diversity, as well as plant physiology. Laboratory sessions investigate taxonomic diversity, anatomy and physiology, and experiments in plant growth and reproduction. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee, and one required field trip. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO201 and BIO202

BIO305 - Microbiology (4)

The student will study the biology of representative microorganisms and viruses with emphasis on prokaryotic structure, metabolism, genetics, and diversity. Food microbiology is also covered. The laboratory focuses on the diversity and identification of bacteria. One 3-1/2 hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: CHE111, or CHE211 and CHE212 (CHE111 or CHE212 may be taken concurrently with BIO305), and either BIO103 and BIO104, or BIO201

BIO307 - Environmental Microbiology (4)

A study of the activities, interactions, and distribution of microorganisms in the environment, this course emphasizes the biogeochemical cycles, importance of microorganisms in ecosystems, and microbial biodegradation of pollutants and other substances. The laboratory will introduce students to the techniques of isolation, identification, and enumeration of microbes from nature. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO321, BIO305 or BIO213; CHE211 and CHE212

BIO311 - Comparative Embryology (4)

This course presents the general principles and concepts of comparative vertebrate embryology accompanied by an evaluation of pertinent advances in developmental biology. One 3 1/2-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO302 or BIO103 and BIO104

BIO312 - Animal Histology (4)

This course includes a comprehensive presentation of mammalian microscopic anatomy. The organization of tissues, organs, and organ systems will be examined. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO302 or BIO103 and BIO104

BIO314 - Animal Physiology (4)

Physiological control mechanisms are examined on cellular and organismal levels. The laboratory includes experiments and exercises illustrating principles of homeostasis, muscle action, nerve transmission, and sensory function. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO302 or BIO103, BIO104; CHE211, CHE212, or permission of the instructor

BIO315 - Immunology (4)

The principles of immunology are presented, including the general properties of the immune response, lymphocyte specificity and activation, immunogenetics, antigen-antibody interactions, congenital and acquired immunodeficiencies, the functions of cytokines and serology. The laboratory includes exercises and experiments illustrating the lecture topics. One 3-1/2 hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO201, BIO202, BIO213 or BIO305, CHE211 and CHE212 or permission of the instructor

BIO321 - Ecology (4)

This course covers the fundamental concepts of how organisms interact with each other and with their environment. There is use of taxonomy and practice in finding key characteristics of organisms to focus on keying and identifying organisms in the lab and in the field. Also, quantitative analysis of data is performed regarding basic ecological concepts in the lab, in the field, and through the use of software. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee and three field trips per semester. PREREQUISITES: BIO201 and BIO202

BIO331 - Genetics (4)

This course covers the principles of genetics from Mendel to modern genetic techniques used in biotechnology. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO201, BIO202, BIO213 or BIO305; CHE211, CHE212

BIO332 - Molecular Biology (4)

This course explores the foundations of molecular biology, and surveys many applications of molecular biology in academic, medical, industrial, and agricultural fields. Throughout the course, ethical and social concerns related to these applications are highlighted. The laboratory portion of the course emphasizes hands-on training in recombinant DNA techniques and computational analysis of data. Recent advances in large-scale genomic sequencing, whole-genome functional analysis, computational molecular biology, and bioinformatic topics are also covered. A laboratory fee is charged. PREREQUISITES: BIO201, BIO202, CHE211 and CHE212. BIO331 is recommended.

BIO333 - Research Problems (1-4)

Biology majors will have the opportunity to conduct supervised research on individual research problems or to assist staff members in their research. Laboratory hours, credits, and fees will be determined on an individual basis. A research paper and presentation is required. PREREQUISITE(S): Permission of department chair

BIO334 - Research Problems (1-4)

A continuation of BIO333 with same stipulations. PREREQUISITES: BIO333

BIO345 - Wildlife Biology and Conservation (4)

This course will introduce the student to the biology of wildlife management, including a brief history of conservation management and current issues in wildlife management. The primary emphasis is on techniques used in the study of vertebrate populations and their interactions with humans. Principles of vertebrate population ecology/dynamics will be investigated. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO201 and BIO202 or permission of instructor

BIO348 - Mammalogy (4)

An in-depth review of anatomical and physiological adaptations is comparatively applied to a study of the mammalian orders. The evolution, geographic distribution, and taxonomy of local mammals are emphasized, and topics of particular interest to students will be examined. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO302 or instructor's permission

BIO349 - Cell Biology (4)

This course is an ultrastructural examination of cellular organelles, with emphasis placed on molecular activity and the communication between the internal and external environments of the cell. The laboratory includes exercises and experiments illustrating lecture topics. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO201 or BIO213: BIO202, CHE211, CHE212

BIO350 - Evolution (3)

Mechanisms of variation and adaptation in individuals and populations will be examined, with emphasis on historical and current concepts of speciation and systematics. PREREQUISITE(S): BIO302; BIO305 or BIO213, minimum junior standing as a biology major or permission of instructor.

BIO3800 - Special Topics (3)

This course would provide an opportunity for the Biology department to present varied topics of interest in modern biological science. It would also allow for an advanced treatment of topics introduced in foundation coursework. The course is listed for variable credit to allow for flexibility of topic selection, and the option to run the course with a laboratory component. It is likely to run most frequently as either a 3 credit lecture/discussion or a 4 credit lecture/discussion/lab course. PREREQUISITES: BIO 1400 and BIO 1500, and Permission of instructor.

BIO398 - Directed Study (1-6)

Students wishing to pursue directed study in advanced or specialized areas in any of the 300-level courses may do so with departmental permission. A thesis and final oral presentation is required. Laboratory work within the area of independent studies may be pursued under the provisions of BIO333 or BIO334 with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: Permission of the department

BIO399 - Directed Study (1-6)

This is a continuation of BIO398. PREREQUISITES: BIO398

BIO403 - Senior Seminar in Biology (3)

The student will present seminars on current topics of biological research. Oral presentation techniques will be emphasized and a term paper is required. PREREQUISITES: Restricted to seniors majoring in biology

BIO404 - Senior Seminar in Human Biology (3)

The student will present seminars on current topics of biological research. Oral presentation techniques will be emphasized and a term paper is required. PREREQUISITES: Restricted to seniors majoring in human biology

BIO405 - Vertebrate Zoology (4)

This course involves the in-depth study of the classes of vertebrates, with emphasis placed on morphological and physiological grades of organization. The evolution, geographic distribution, and taxonomy of local vertebrates are also stressed. Independent student investigations will be designed, performed, and presented. One three-hour laboratory period per week with laboratory fee. PREREQUISITES: BIO302, restricted to juniors and seniors majoring in biology